copyright bomb

Learning by Doing: OER MCQs

Day 3’s task is to design a couple of multiple choice questions to demonstrate our new knowledge of open educational resources.  This is a great example of learning by doing (John Biggs would like it) but alas not the easiest thing to elegantly post on a blog. Here are my attempts (shared here under a Creative Commons (Attribution) licence).

Image Credits: http://openclipart.org/detail/154831/copyright-bomb-by-cliparteles (Public Domain)

Case 1: Still legal?

Context: education; Country: any
You are a lecturer and find a great video resource that you want to use in your teaching. Happily it is available under a Creative Commons (Attribution) licence. You opt to post it on your institution’s learning environment (or website) to support your class’s learning. To brighten the page up you place an image above it that you create by capturing a still from the video.

Is your use of this image within the license?

  • Yes
  • Yes, but only if the screenshot is the same as the opening frame of the video
  • No – you cannot change the format of an OER under a Creative Commons license.

Case 2: Read My Words

Context: education; Country: any
An early years researcher you are delighted to have your first single author paper published. You plan to use the article in your teaching this year to expose your students access to the latest research (it won’t do your reputation any harm either) and already have a PDF version of the article supplied by the publisher.

Can you distribute the PDF to your students?

  • Yes, as you have exerted the moral right to be recognised as the author of this work
  • Yes, but only if the distribution method is private, e.g. by email, rather than posting the document on a website
  • No

The answers are available below

Case 1: Still Legal

  • Yes – CORRECT ANSWER
    Feedback:
    Creating a simple still image from a video is an example of re-use. This is permitted under the Creative Commons (Attribution) license, as long as you acknowledge the source.
  • Yes, but only if the screenshot is the same as the opening frame of the video – DISTRACTOR
    Feedback:
    No. Extracting one still frame (e.g. as a screenshot) is an example of re-using and so would be covered by the license. The Creative Commons (Attribution) license allows you to remix and re-use any of the content  as long as you acknowledge the source. As such you are free to choose any portion to re-use.
  • No – you cannot change the format of an OER under a Creative Commons license – DISTRACTOR
    Feedback:
    No. The license does not lock you to a particular format, that would restrict your freedom as a creator. Extracting one still frame (e.g. as a screenshot) is an example of re-using, which is covered by this license. You should also acknowledge the source.

Case 2: Read My Words

  • Yes, as you have exerted the moral right to be recognised as the author of this work – DISTRACTOR
    Feedback:
    When you submit an article for publication in a journal you have to sign an author’s form. The details of these vary by publisher but it is likely that you will have signed over the right to distribute the content. As such although you may retain the moral right as author, you have given away your right to distribute the content in the form published in the journal, meaning it is not an OER. As such you would be in breach of copyright.
  • Yes, but only if the distribution method is private, e.g. by email, rather than posting the document on a website – DISTRACTOR
    Feedback:
    No. When you submit an article for publication in a journal you have to sign an author’s form. The details of these vary by publisher but it is likely that you will have signed over the right to distribute the content. As such although you may retain the moral right as author, you have given away your right to distribute the content in the form published in the journal – meaning it is not an OER. Emailing the document is still a form of copying. As such you would be in breach of copyright.
  • No – CORRECT ANSWER
    Feedback:
     
    When you submit an article for publication in a journal you have to sign an author’s form. The details of these vary by publisher but it is likely that you will have signed over the right to distribute the content. As such although you may retain the moral right as author, you have given away your right to distribute the content in the form published in the journal – meaning it is not an OER. You would need to obtain the permission of the publisher before you could distribute the PDF.

4 thoughts on “Learning by Doing: OER MCQs”

  1. Great questions! Thanks for your open license and sharing the gift of knowledge as I’m keen to develop a quiz for future editions of OCL4Ed and these will be valuable additions.

    Minor technicality I noticed — A screenshot of a movie is not a remix – it is simply a copy (reuse). Remix typically refers to taking one or more things under open license and mashing together.

  2. Wayne, thanks for this clarification, I had thought that as I changed the format – from video to an image, this might have been better described as a remix. Had I then clipped it, added titles, etc. then I think this would indeed be best described as a remix, but I take your point here that this is just essentially re-use of a single frame. As such I have amended the feedback (changes are shown in bold).

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